Other Studies - Rehabilitation and Resettlement - Completed

R & R & CAT Action Plan for Surampalem Reservoir Scheme, East Godavari District. 

 
Project Director :

P.Padmanabha Rao

Sponsored by :

Irrigation and CAD Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh.

  

The Surampalem Reservoir scheme is proposed on the hill stream of Buradakalva, a tributary of River Godavari. This medium irrigation project is located near Surampalem village about 50 kms from Rajahmundry town of A P. It seeks to provide irrigation benefits to the acutely drought-sticken and backward tribal areas of Gangavaram mandal, and upland mandals of Gokavaram and Korukonda mandals of East Godavari district with an ayacut of about 11710 acres by harnessing the waters from the self catchment of Buradakalva; and provides drinking water to sixteen villages enroute the canal under the R&R & CAT action plan for Surampalem Reserve scheme. The proposed project will affect either fully or partly 3 villages, namely: Surampalem, Donepally and Kothada in Gangavaram mandal of East Godavari District. 

 

A census based socio-economic survey was conducted among the Project Affected Families (PAFs) of Surampalem Reservoir Scheme, Gangavaram mandal of East Godavari District using a structured "Household Interview Schedule" for collection of primary data. 

 

Agriculture in the catchment area is dependent mainly on tanks and rainfall. The major crops grown are paddy, bajra, seasamum, groundnut, pulses. The total area in this category accounts for 65 percent. Paddy is the major kharif crop in the catchment and command area. It is grown under rain fed conditions and accounts for 63 percent of the total area. During the rabi season a majority of farmers harvest pulses as second crop. The proportion of area under rabi crops constitutes percent of the total area.

 

Majority of the affected population belongs to the vulnerable groups i.e. ST and the rest are other BC households. About 258 households will be deprived of land, of which 130 households are located in the fully submerged villages. The total number of affected households under reservoir scheme is 284, of which the proportion of two fully submerged villages accounts for 45.77 percent. Whereas, the affected population totals to 1094, of which 45.97 percent are from fully submerged villages. 

 

The study team has estimated that 664 acres of land (406 acres private patta and 258 government land) would need to be acquired for the project. Of this 90 % of land is cultivated, owned by private individuals. Even though there are 258 affected families under this reservoir scheme, the Government guidelines prescribe that a major child of the displaced or affected person, irrespective of his/her martial status, is also eligible for the R & R package including house site. 

 

The budget for implementing the RIP for the Surampalem is estimated at Rs.625.579 lakh, which are about 14.33 percent of the total project cost. Whereas the estimated project cost is Rs.4363 lakh. 

 

EIA, EMP, and R & R Action Plan for Tarakarama Thirthasagaram Reservoir Scheme, Vizianagaram district

 
Project Director : P.Padmanabha Rao
Sponsored by : Irrigation and CAD Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh.
 

The Tarakaramathirtha Sagaram Reservoir scheme is a Medium Irrigation Project. It contemplates construction of a barrage across River Champavathi near Kotagandredu village of Gurla mandal of Vizianagaram District. The flood waters are proposed to be diverted through a diversion channel of 12 km long canal with a inland reservoir at Kumili tank. The proposed project will affect 15 villages either fully or partly. It aims to stabilize the current ayacut of 8172 acres under existing Kumili channel and to irrigate new ayacut of 22000 acres in 49 villages of Denkada, Pusapatirega and Bhogapuram mandals. 

 

A census based survey was conducted with a structured "Household Schedule" for collection of primary data. A negligible proportion (2.91 percent) belongs to the vulnerable groups i.e. Scheduled Castes (SC), and the rest constitutes backward class and other caste households. No Scheduled Tribe household is affected under reservoir scheme of this project. Thus the affected population is mostly economically backward hailing from small and marginal farming community.

 

About 2340 households will be deprived of their land of which 554 households are located in the fully submerged villages. The total number of affected households under the reservoir scheme is 1721, whereas, the affected population comes to 8277, of which 27.4 percent are from fully submerged villages. Even though they are 554 affected families under this reservoir scheme, individuals above 18 years of age (150) are also eligible for the R & R package including house site. Compensation for agricultural land has to be determined on the basis of the capitalised income (output minus material input per acre). It is reasonable to determine the value of irrigated land in the delta / coastal areas at 20 times the annual income. 

 

EMP is one of the important components helping to prevent further deterioration of natural resources in the catchment area and to arrest the soil erosion and prevent siltation into the reservoir. To mitigate these undesirable effects, the study proposes afforestation measures in the existing waste lands, and foreshore area, soil conservation measures such as formation of grades, bunds, stabilisation of river banks and taking up afforestation measures along the canals, monitoring and evaluation and cultural properties enhancement etc.

 

The budget for implementing the RIP (R & R) for the TRTSP is estimated at Rs.5233 lakh, which are about 15.65 percent of the total project cost. The Total Financial requirements for implementation of EMP including of R & R CAT, CAD etc., is Rs. 5279.412 lakh. In addition to this 10 % of the total Cost of CAT & CAD to be earmarked for contingencies which comes to Rs. 46.570 lakh. The total amount proposed for EMP is Rs. 5745.109 lakh which comes to 17.18 % of the total project cost. 

 

EIA, EMP, and R & R Action Plan for Thotapally Barrage Scheme, Vizianagaram district. 

 
Project Director : P.Padmanabha Rao
Sponsored by : Irrigation and CAD Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh.
 

The Thotapally barrage scheme is a Major Irrigation Project. It contemplates construction of a barrage across River Champavathi near Thotapally village of Parvatipuram mandal, Vizianagaram District. The existing regulator is currently serving an ayacut of 64,000 acres. The present water sources are not serving the ayacut in full due to vagaries of monsoon and there is hard felt need for storage facility like a reservoir to serve the ayacut.

 

Construction of barrage will result in displacement of 19 habitations in Parvatipuram revenue division of these 6 habitations to be evacuated land has to be fully acquired, and in the rest of the 13 habitations only agricultural lands are to be acquired. The maximum number of villages which are facing displacement are from Garugubilli mandal (9 out of 19 habitations). The total number of fully or partly affected households is 2536, involving a total population of 9036.

 

The project will benefit 287 villages spread in 17 mandals of Srikakulam and Vizianagaram Districts, where the major part of the existing irrigation is totally dependent on rainfall. This project helps in promoting social and economic well being of the people of the region, by providing assured water supply to irrigate the dry fields. The people in the command area are dependent on agriculture and allied activities and there are no major industries in the region. About 85 percent of them are agricultural labour and the rest are small and marginal farmers. Around 2536 households lose their land, of which 1594 households (62.85) are located in the fully submerged villages. The affected population totals up to 9036, of which 65.80 percent are from fully submerged villages. Of the total affected population 8.71 per cent belong to SC, 5.05 percent ST, and 75.39 percent BC. The proportion of Other Castes is 10.84 percent of the affected population. 

 

The major concern is the need for acquisition of land of about 5431.28 acres belonging to private pattadars and Government/ temple land, and submergence of around 1594 houses. About 2600 families will be deprived of either residential structures or more than 25 % of their land and left with less than one acre of land. The compensation for acquisition of land is proposed at an average of rate Rs. 100,000 per acre, and solatium of 30% which totals to 6509.358 lakh. The compensation for the residential structures , housing grant including sites, provision of civic amenities, subsistence allowance etc is Rs. 2716 lakh, The economic package schemes to the PAPs for sanctioning of productive assets, women thrift groups, vocational training etc. is about Rs. 53 lakh. The total out lay required for the Economic Rehabilitation and R & R assistance proposed is Rs. 9278.635 lakh. The Total Financial requirements for implementation of EMP for Thotapally barrage scheme over a period of 7 years is Rs. 10098.635 lakh. In addition to this 10 % of the total Cost to be earmarked for contingencies amounts to Rs. 1009.863 lakh. The total amount proposed for EMP is Rs. 11108.498 lakh which is 24.68 % of the total project cost. 

 
 
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